The influence of the immersion period on the crystallization of polycarbonate (PC) was investigated, and the resulting texture configurations of the crystal structures were reconstructed with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). Analytical tools, including optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffraction, the sessile drop technique, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, microtribometry, and ultraviolet–visible spectrophotometry, were used to characterize crystallized PC and PDMS surfaces. We found that the crystallized PC surface possessed microsize/nanosize spherulites, voids, and fibrils, and the increasing immersion period increased the texture height and spherulite concentration at the surface. The residual stress in the crystallized PC wafer was compressive, and it was on the order of −30 MPa. The friction coefficient of the crystallized PC surface remained lower than that of the as-received PC wafer, and the increase in the immersion period lowered the friction coefficient. The crystallized PC surface demonstrated superhydrophobic characteristics, and the maximum contact angle occurred with 6 min of immersion. The PDMS exactly reconstructed the texture of the crystallized PC surface, except those of the nanofibrils and subnanofibrils. The droplet contact angle attained a higher values for the PDMS replicated surfaces than for those corresponding to the crystallized PC wafer.

Paper: B. S. Yilbas, H. Ali, N. Al-Aqeeli, M. Khaled, N. Abu-Dheir, and Kripa K. Varanasi, Journal of Applied Polymer Science

PDF: Download the PDF